What are accessibility features of a website

Features of a website

The standard functions of a website include the home page, content pages, and contact address. For the most part, other functions can be freely combined. However, an imprint and protection of personal data are mandatory.
As of June 10, 2011

Contents overview:

  1. Standard functions
  2. Imprint obligation
  3. Data protection on websites

Standard functions

The topic of a website must be recognizable at first glance, even for those who are not in the field. The structure of a website must be designed in such a way that it can be accessed in a self-explanatory manner. The user is not allowed to use the "What?", "How?" and where?" have to think. Designations must be as clear as possible and references must be recognizable as such.

Every website is in clearly defined areas split up to enable quick decisions by the user. Visual hierarchies on each side create one Page design to fly over, do not read: the more important an area, the more conspicuous it should be designed. However, visual noise, e.g. due to too many attention effects and a lot of visually different things, should be avoided. Logically related areas must also be linked visually; hierarchies can be created through nesting. headlines are to be differentiated in the individual hierarchies by the combination of font size, font weight, color and line spacing.

To the Standard functions every website belong to one Home page, content pages and the contact address. With a larger website, from around 25 websites, come in Table of Contents (English sitemap), one search and mostly one Frequently Asked Questions page added. Other possible functions are forms for, for example, contact and order processes, the establishment of a forum, communication via a chat or password-protected areas.

The following picture shows various Components a website that can serve the user for orientation and thus support a barrier-free or low-barrier web design. These functions can for the most part be freely combined - in contrast to the obligation to provide an imprint or the protection of personal data.

Image description "Components of a website": Three components of a website are shown: utilities, sections and navigation aids. Utilities are the home button (start page link), the site identifier (logo, slogan) and the help navigation (contact, search, help, sitemap, imprint). Sections are made up of the primary navigation (main navigation) and the secondary navigation (sub-navigation). Navigation aids are the page title (company name and page heading), the navigation path (breadcrumb path with navigation levels), the sitemap (table of contents with references), the index (alphabetical keyword lists with references), the search (input field for site or page-internal search), the Help (context-based help pages) and frequently asked questions with corresponding answers.

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Imprint obligation

With the Imprint obligation Every website has had one since 2002 Provider identification, the so-called imprint. This contains the name and address of the operator, possibly naming managing partners or authorized representatives (e.g. for companies and associations), the telephone number and the e-mail address. PO Box details are not permitted. Depending on the circumstances, the competent authority (if the activity is subject to official approval or supervision), the registration number (if entered in the commercial, association, partnership or cooperative register), the title, the exact job title or the VAT identification number must also be listed become. The indication of the assigned tax number - this does not mean the sales tax identification number, but the tax number in the format - is not one of the mandatory information.

With a judgment of July 20, 2006 (file number I ZR 228/03), the BGH decided that an imprint need not be immediately accessible from every side. Easily recognizable and immediate access is also given by two references, e.g. "Contact - Imprint".

At the beginning of October 2008 the Federal Ministry of Justice published a corresponding guideline on the imprint obligation, which should make it easier for traders to create such a provider identification. The Guide to provider identification contains information on legal principles as well as a list of necessary and optional information.

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Data protection on websites

In the case of guest books, newsletters and, for example, forums, personal, identifying data is recorded. The Storage of personal data (personal identification e.g. by email address, real name, address, telephone number) is subject to privacy. Website operators therefore have an obligation to provide their users with information about which data is stored for what purpose and whether and in what form it is passed on to third parties.

The naming of the company's own employees on a team website is also subject to data protection, as this information is part of the personal circumstances. For the publication of the names, therefore, the express permission of the individual persons must be obtained for the respective area.

Further reading:

Pitcher, Steve:
Don't make me think! Web Usability - The Intuitive Web, page 10 ff.,
mitp-Verlag, Bonn, 1st edition 2002 (media design),
ISBN 3826608909
Jacobsen, Jens:
Website conception, page 61-62,
Addison-Wesley Verlag, Munich, 3rd expanded edition 2005 (dpi),
ISBN 3827322499
Münz, Stefan:
Professional websites. Programming, design and administration of websites, pages 994-995 and pages 1000-1001,
Addison-Wesley Verlag, Munich, 2nd revised edition 2006 (IX book tip),
ISBN 3827323703
Heidrich, Joerg and Bleich, Holger:
BGH decides on the placement of the web imprint,
, Heise Zeitschriften Verlag,
File from October 17, 2006, as of February 20, 2007
Federal Ministry of Justice:
Guide to the legal notice,
, Internet editing of the Press and Public Relations Department of the Federal Ministry of Justice,
File from 10/07/2008

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