Which Bollywood actors or actresses can code

Our voice is a marvel

For the first time, our voice answers with a mostly strong scream at birth, and it will be the most important tool for communication with other people throughout our lives. But we usually pay little or no attention to it. After all, it is simply there, always available to us as long as there are no physical restrictions.

The long way of the voice

Our entire body is involved when we make sounds: breathing, the larynx and the so-called vocal tract, the space above the larynx. Breathing is necessary to stimulate the vocal folds to vibrate. This creates a so-called primary larynx sound, an acoustic signal that then has to be shaped and ultimately converted into speech.

The vocal cords, or vocal cords, that are involved in making sounds are located inside the larynx. They are agile, open and close. "The air that comes out of the lungs and hits the closed vocal folds leads to open and closed movements and vibrations. These can happen very quickly in the larynx," explains Bernhard Richter. He is professor for musicians' medicine and voice training at the University of Freiburg.

Our voice is like a musical instrument

He cites the aria 'Queen of the Night' from Mozart's Magic Flute as an example. The opera singer sings a very high note. "The oscillation moves at a rate of around 1400 times per second. It is enormous what is possible in the larynx," says Richter. "It is a small miracle, but it is only the basis of our spoken language," says the scientist.

The instrument of language

Bernhard Richter compares the voice with a musical instrument. "When you blow into a trumpet, use your lips. This is where the so-called primary sound is created, which is more like a noise. This then goes into the instrument, that is, into the trumpet. It creates the beautiful sound that we make as music The voice is also about a beautiful sound, but these sounds then have to be translated into spoken language. "

For this purpose, vowels and consonants are formed. The larynx is less important than the tongue, lips, soft palate and the opening of the mouth, with which we can form different sounds. "So the human voice is a really great instrument and does not occur in nature in this form in other living beings. Our voice is an absolute exception. It is very capable of modulation, and we can also use it to express our emotions."

Baby talk

We learn to express emotions through the voice very early on. Babies use their voice in different ways so that mother or father know exactly what this little person wants. They know whether the baby is tired when it cries, whether it is hungry or whether the diaper should be changed.

Babies make themselves heard by screaming

Each of these needs sounds different and has its own coding. The adults then have to decode this to find out why the baby is crying. In most cases this works.

Men are different

In an infant, the vocal folds are about 3 millimeters long, in an adult male with a bass voice about 23 millimeters. The first serious change occurs in boys with a broken voice during puberty: the larynx becomes larger. The young man first has to get used to the new instrument in his body and adjust to it.

The overall larynx is larger in men than in women. This is one of the secondary sexual characteristics just like body hair or muscles. The growth phase of the larynx is much more pronounced in boys than in girls, in particular due to the sex hormone testosterone.

No standstill

In boys, the larynx also develops forward so that in many you can see the cartilage from the outside. It is the so-called Adam's apple. "Interestingly, the word 'Adam's apple' exists in several languages," explains Richter. "It comes from the biblical story. Here it is told that Eve gave Adam the apple from the tree of knowledge to eat. It then got stuck in his throat. And it can still be seen - just as an Adam's apple."

When the voice breaks, the voice changes

Changes to the vocal apparatus do not stop with puberty. They happen well into old age, and here too the sex hormones are important again. "We know, for example, that menopausal women can have major voice changes," says Richter. "The voice becomes deeper, more fragile, and it is usually no longer so resilient." Men also go through such a phase, but later than women.

The power of the voice

Singers and actors have specially trained voices. You can use them consciously and thus evoke moods and feelings in the audience: sadness, joy, indifference, nervousness, fear. All of this is naturally also reflected in the voices of all of us.

The doctor can use laryngoscopy to examine the vocal cords

"If you have someone on the phone whom you know well, you can immediately see whether something is wrong with that person, regardless of whether it is a man or a woman," says Richter. "The voice signal immediately gives us the mood of the speaker at the other end." We can probably even imagine that person's facial expressions or gestures at that moment.

A world full of voices

We are permanently surrounded by voices: We are showered with voices. They can influence our mood and our well-being. They should encourage us to buy certain goods or just convey dry facts. Voices can stir us up or have a calming effect, for example in the case of children to whom we read a bedtime story or sing a bedtime song and let them lull them to sleep and lull them to sleep. We use a different voice than when we ask someone for directions or want to know when the next train leaves.

Every day we are surrounded by noises and voices

Voice and appearance

When it comes to speakers and moderators on the radio, we usually have a certain idea of ​​what they look like. When we see a photo of them, we are often perplexed. The face, the figure, the clothing, the overall appearance then sometimes does not correspond at all to what we had in mind.

What belongs together

We connect certain people with one voice. This also applies to actors who are dubbed in their films. Appearance and dubbing voice merge into one person, they are almost inseparable. At best, viewers don't even think about the fact that the voice of the villain or the elegant woman doesn't originally belong to that person. They have long been one in the head.

Our feeling then perhaps tells us that with a tall and dazzling-looking young actor, the voice actor could not possibly be short and a bit squat.

There can also be astonishment or even disappointment when you hear the original voice of the actress or actor with all its facets and then also in a foreign language. Because here, too, it can happen that the original does not seem to fit the person at all. We got used to a completely different voice. It has become a trademark, just like our own voice - an acoustic fingerprint.

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    Author: Judith Hartl