What are some examples of deconstructivist architecture

From Zaha Hadid's majestic MAXXI in Italy to the overwhelming beauty of Frank Gehry's Vitra Design Museum, these structures ennoble the environment in which they were erected.

Those who designed our boldest buildings seem more like alchemists than architects. Think of your own city or a place you have visited in the past year. Remember how a building defined the atmosphere there more than any other influence. In Bilbao, for example, Frank Gehry's Guggenheim Museum is stealing the show from the rest of the city. By definition, this building, like any other, is a static object. But try explaining that to someone who approaches the museum. On sunny days the light dances over the mighty shapes of the building while even the clouds are absorbed in the titanium. Much of this dazzling effect can be traced back to deconstructivism, a movement in which Gehry's Guggenheim plays an important role. What makes this building so successful is a leap beyond the idea that the architecture is dominated by ideas such as harmony or symmetry. It breaks the archaic rules in favor of something more exciting and makes titanium appear as graceful as satin blowing in the wind.

What makes deconstructivism so fascinating is the fact that architecture is, at its core, a conservative practice. Buildings outlast time thanks to their stability and order. A square is a square because all of its sides are the same and thus ensure stability in the larger design. But what if that square were distorted? Does this affect the integrity of the structure? On the contrary: by challenging the observer's perception of unity and stability, the architect can show that defects are not only in the design itself, but are also powerful and beautiful. The most gifted architects do this by bringing the forms into conflict with each other by letting them compete as the building evolves into a stunning design - not dissimilar to the forces of nature itself.

Many architects have designed wonderful deconstructed structures, the pioneering figures include Peter Eisenman, Bernard Tschumi, Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, Rem Koolhaas and Daniel Libeskind. Below we present twelve impressive buildings, all of which have radically changed the built environment.

Denver Art Museum by Daniel Libeskind (Denver, USA)

The dynamic expansion of the Denver Art Museum was completed in 2006 with the permission of Daniel Libeskind. Inspired by the surrounding Rocky Mountains and the growth of the city of Denver, Libeskind's sharp-edged shapes attract numerous museum visitors.

(Photo: James Leynse / Getty Images)

Phaeno Science Center by Zaha Hadid (Wolfsburg, Germany)

Zaha Hadid's iconic Phaeno Science Center is very similar to the natural world itself, full of mysteries and discoveries. The interactive science center opened in 2005. The building, made of concrete and glass, stands on stilts and thus enables a passage. Whether the structure is supposed to mimic the shape of a whale or some other object is debatable. What is certain is that the design changed the built environment of Wolfburg so much that it received the RIBA European Award a year later.

(Photo: Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

National Stadium of Herzog and de Meuron and Ai Weiwei (Beijing, China)

Perhaps no other stadium in the world is as eye-catching as the National Stadium in Beijing. The arena, built in 2007 for the Summer Olympics and Paralympics, deconstructs the traditional idea of ​​what a sports facility could be. The nest-like structure made of steel, designed by Herzog and de Meuron and Ai Weiwei, appears to have been created by nature itself.

(Photo: Xiaoyang Liu / Getty Images)

Groninger Museum by Alessandro Mendini (Groningen, Netherlands)

The Groninger Museum is unique because of its irregular design. The redesign was completed in 2011 by the Italian architect Alessandro Mendini. Further additions to the renovation work were made with the approval of Philippe Starck and Coop Himmelb (l) au. The museum hit the headlines this March when a painting by Vincent Van Gogh was stolen from its permanent collection on loan from the Singer Laren Museum near Amsterdam.

(Photo: Frans Lemmens / Getty Images)

MAXXI by Zaha Hadid Architects (Rome, Italy)

The MAXXI, completed in 2009, is Italy's first public museum dedicated to contemporary art and architecture. The building twists and turns like a snake, offering visitors moments of architectural surprise from all sides. The Iraq-born architect used to say, "There are 359 other degrees, why limit yourself to one?"

(Photo: Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Walt Disney Concert Hall by Frank Gehry (Los Angeles, USA)

Opposite the beautiful Broad Museum by DS + R from New York is Frank Gehry's monumental Walt Disney Concert Hall. Inaugurated in 2003, the downtown Los Angeles building reflects light that seems to rise and fall, like the sheet music from every Disney soundtrack.

(Photo: Sharadraval / Getty Images)

City of Culture of Galicia by Peter Eisenman (Galicia, Spain)

Perhaps no form demonstrates the potential of deconstructed architecture as much as Peter Eisenman's masterpiece, this complex of cultural buildings. They take up a wide area that rolls like a mountain. Visitors are free to walk up and down the roof while inside an abundance of natural light comes in through the floor-to-ceiling windows.

(Photo: Howard Kingsnorth / Getty Images)

Seattle Public Library by Rem Koolhaas (Seattle, USA)

Rem Koolhaas and his team at the Office of Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) undoubtedly found a new shape with the completion of the Seattle Public Library in 2004. The building in the city center, with its fully glazed exterior and cantilevered roof, is in stark contrast to the traditional skyscrapers in the area. It allows pedestrians to see the power and beauty of deconstructivism in direct comparison to other forms of architecture.

(Photo: Jon Hicks / Getty Images)

Vitra Design Museum by Frank Gehry (Weil am Rhein, Germany)

Frank Gehry's Vitra Design Museum was his first design in Europe. It houses a private collection of modern furniture and shows the organic growth made possible by deconstructivism. The curvilinear white shapes are also reminiscent of Le Corbusier's iconic Notre-Dame du Haut chapel.

(Photo: Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Vitra fire station by Zaha Hadid (Weil am Rhein, Germany)

The German Vitra fire station is one of Zaha Hadid's first designs to be completed. Cast in concrete, it looks like a sculpture, frozen in expression. The lack of right angles and colors enhances the experience and allows the viewer to grasp the simplicity of each shape.

(Photo: Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Imperial War Museum North by Daniel Libeskind (Manchester, England)

The building, erected in 2002, was Libeskind's first in Great Britain. At first it looks like a simple mush. But the look is deceptive. Libeskind's design for the war museum serves to deconstruct the globe itself and to put its many parts back together in broken form.

(Photo: Ed Rhodes / Getty Images)

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao by Frank Gehry (Bilbao, Spain)

Frank Gehry's revolutionary Guggenheim Museum was such a success that it became an independent term: the Bilbao Effect. It describes the phenomenon when run-down areas are upgraded by exciting architecture and thus revived. Gehry managed to make the built environment look natural and organic.

(Photo: Maremagnum / Getty Images)

Translated by Clara Westhoff. First published by AD USA - here you can get to the original article.