Should I take amoxicillin for salmonella?
Salmonella poisoning (salmonella infection)
Recognize salmonellosis and treat it properly
In our summer vacation we enjoy the sunshine to the fullest. Salmonella also love the heat, because they can multiply magnificently on unrefrigerated foods. Anyone who eats food contaminated with salmonella must expect sudden vomiting and diarrhea. For infants and toddlers in particular, the summer vacation ends with a hospital stay.
With a Salmonella infection exists in Germany Reporting requirement.
What are salmonella?
Salmonella are rod-shaped, flagellated bacteria from the enterobacteria family. You are close to that Escherichia coli related.
Salmonella are survivors: they can easily cope with freezing temperatures and high temperatures of up to 70 degrees Celsius. They live in humans, in animals, in plants and on food.
One distinguishes between: Salmonella enterica and Salmonella bongori.
This species of salmonella knows 6 subspecies and is found in more than 2,000 serotypes assigned. The serovars are particularly well known:
- Salmonella enteritidis as Salmonella typhimuriumwho have favourited Enteritis Pathogen
- Salmonella typhi, the typhoid pathogen
- Salmonella paratyphi (A, B, C), the paratyphoid pathogen
The causative agents of enteritis (Salmo enteritis) stay in the intestine, the pathogens of typhoid and paratyphoid spread from the intestine via the blood throughout the body. These systemic infections can become dangerous Blood poisoning to lead.
For a long time it was believed that this species of salmonella only affects cold-blooded animals such as reptiles. In this context one spoke of the lizard's salmonella. In the meantime, however, Salmonella bongori has also been discovered in dogs and children under 3 years of age. These pathogens also cause gastrointestinal diseases with cramps and diarrhea.
In the following, we will only deal with salmo enteritis.
Cause of a salmonella infection: what causes salmonella poisoning?
The most common route of infection is food contaminated with salmonella. Infection from person to person or from animal to person is also possible.
Salmonella infection through contaminated food
The following foods are often contaminated with salmonella:
- raw or not fully cooked eggs
- raw cake batter
- Egg-based foods such as mayonnaise, creams or various salads
- Ice cream
- raw meat and mince
- Raw sausages such as mett and salami
In principle, salmonella can be found on all foods, including fruit and vegetables. There is a risk of salmonella poisoning, especially in poor storage conditions, unrefrigerated meals or inadequate kitchen hygiene.
Contagion with salmonella from person to person
In addition, there is a transfer of Person to person possible. Salmonella from the intestines of a sick person are ingested through the mouth of another person. It's faster than you imagine at first glance. It mainly happens in community facilities such as kindergartens, nursing homes or hospitals. In particular, poor hygiene promotes infection from person to person.
Even if the person concerned no longer has any symptoms, he still excretes salmonella in his stool for about 3 to 6 weeks. In some infants, the laboratory detects salmonella in the stool for several months.
Animal to human infection with salmonella
Finally, animal contact transmission triggers one Salmo enteritis out. Therefore, salmonellosis is one of the so-called Zoonoses. Furthermore: Animals can also become infected with salmonella in humans.
Groups at risk for salmonella infection
In a healthy adult, it takes between 10,000 and 1,000,000 germs for an infection to manifest itself in the form of diarrhea. However, there are also groups of people in whom significantly fewer bacteria trigger salmonellosis. They include:
- People with weak immune systems, such as those infected with HIV
Loss of fluids due to diarrhea and vomiting is especially dangerous for young children and the elderly. Therefore, treatment in hospital is sometimes necessary. The disease rarely results in a high fever and severe symptoms.
It is pleasing to note that salmonella infections in Germany are decreasing from year to year.
Symptoms: How do you recognize a salmonella infection?
Salmo enteritis is not always easy to spot. The symptoms can often be due to other medical conditions. They include:
- Sudden, mushy, watery diarrhea
The vomiting diarrhea usually only lasts for 2 days. In some cases the symptoms show up for up to a week.
Therapy: what helps against salmonella poisoning?
First and foremost, it is important that Fluid and electrolyte balance to keep an eye on. Because vomiting diarrhea causes the body to lose fluid and thus electrolytes. In order to compensate for the loss, it is therefore necessary to take in sufficient fluids. Electrolyte or glucose solutions are particularly helpful.
At Risk patientssuch as infants, toddlers, elderly or immunocompromised patients, are administered by the doctor frequently Antibiotics. The active ingredients are used against salmonella, for example Ampicillin or Co-trimoxazole used. In addition, electrolyte or glucose solutions are usually administered via the vein.
Our product tip for salmonellosis: Saltadol® Glucose Electrolyte Mixture Powder
Preventing salmonella: how do you protect yourself from salmonella infection?
Keep simple Hygiene rules a:
- Wash your hands regularly, especially after using the toilet, before preparing food, before meals and after any contact with raw eggs, fish or meat.
- Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consuming.
- Put foods that may contain salmonella away from other foods in the refrigerator. At around 7 ° C, it is difficult for salmonella to multiply.
- Food that you do not heat should be stored and processed separately from raw food. Therefore, do not cut the cucumber or lettuce on the same cutting board on which you previously cut the raw meat.
- Use up cut foods, such as lettuce or peppers, quickly.
- The thawing water from frozen meat can contain salmonella. For this reason, you should collect it separately, dispose of it quickly and rinse it with hot water.
- Clean cutting boards immediately after using them. Rinse them off with very hot water and washing-up liquid.
- Replace the cloth and sponge regularly. After use, you should wring them out well so that they dry quickly.
Our product tips for preventing salmonella poisoning: OMNi BiOTiC® TRAVEL | SOS DISINFECTION hand gel for on the go
Our pages are for your information only and are not a substitute for diagnosis and treatment by the doctor.
For information on risks and side effects, read the package insert and ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Despite careful research and the use of reliable sources, errors can sometimes creep into our texts. Help us improve. Send information to: [email protected]
As of: 09/22/2020
For reasons of better legibility, the male form is used in the text for personal names. It goes without saying, however, that the information relates to members of both sexes.
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