How to make artificial sand

Definition Sand is a small-grain, mineral material with a grain size of 0.063-4mm in diameter. In nature, sand is created by the weathering of rock.

Sand occurs, for example, in gravel pits, rivers or lakes. The sand grains have a natural aggregate with a largely smooth surface. This sand is suitable, for example, for the production of mortar and plaster.

Sand can also be produced artificially. For this purpose, a solid rock mass is mechanically crushed. This crushing process is also called breaking. Artificially produced sand is therefore also called crushed sand. The crushed material has an artificial aggregate. The surface is more sharp-edged than natural sand. Sharp-edged sand can be compacted better. It is also well suited as sand.

Sand is made from different rocks. According to the starting material from which the sand was created, a distinction is therefore made, for example, with pumice sand, lava sand and quartz sand.

Sand is used in many areas. It is an important raw and building material and serves as an additive for the production of mortar and concrete. In horticulture, the bed of slabs, stones and pipelines is often filled with sand. Sand is used as a soil improver for soils that tend to compact. In winter service it is used as a grit when it is icy.