What does peace mean
What does peace mean?
The concept of peace has an important cultural dimension. In Arab cultures, the discourse about peace tends to be associated with inner peace (peace of mind and heart), while peace in the western world is primarily understood as something outside of the individual (absence of war or violent conflict). In India, peace means "shanti" and means the highest state of mental calm or spiritual peace. Gandhi based his philosophy and strategy on the idea of "Ahimsa", which in principle means the omission of all harmful activities. He said, “Literally, Ahimsa means non-violence. For me, however, it has a higher, an infinitely higher meaning. It means not to offend anyone, not to have loveless thoughts, even towards those who are considered enemies. There are no enemies to one who follows this teaching. ”In the Maya tradition, peace refers to the concept of well-being; it has to do with the idea of a perfect balance between the various areas of our life.
There are many definitions of peace. The understanding of Johan Galtung, an internationally renowned Norwegian scientist who distinguishes between positive and negative peace, is very influential.
Negative peace means that there is no war, no violent interstate or, as in the Balkans, no internal conflict.
Positive peace means the absence of war or violent conflict in a situation of equality and justice and development.
Characteristic of positive peace is the realization of social justice at a high level and a minimum of violence.
While some believe that peace reigns when a war is over, Galtung believes that peace will only be achieved when houses and infrastructure have been rebuilt and structures developed that lead to more social justice and development for all people in the affected countries .
So peace is not just a question of disarmament, but has to do with people's lives.
Who should be responsible in your area of residence to implement strategies that prevent all forms of violence?
In May 1999 10,000 peace activists of all ages met in the Dutch city of The Hague to discuss new strategies for a peaceful 21st century. 1500 young people from a hundred different nations took part in the historic Hague Peace Congress. At the end of the Congress, the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, was presented with the Hague Appeal for Peace and Justice in the 21st Century. Today it is an official United Nations document with a 50-point plan for global action by governments and civil society.
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