What are the goals of industrial psychology

Industrial and organizational psychology

1. Term: Description and explanation of the work-related experience and behavior of people in organizations. The transition from work to organizational psychology is fluid in terms of subject matter. In the past, both areas were combined under the term “industrial psychology”.

2. Work Psychology: a) Adapting work to people: The focus is on work analyzes, the regulation of action in the execution of activities, questions of work motivation and job satisfaction, possibilities of work design and questions of reducing stress.

b) Adaptation of people to work: Problems of qualification processes and company socialization as well as questions of the assignment of people to jobs with the aid of aptitude diagnostics.

3. Organizational Psychology: a) main emphasis is the adaptation of people to people and the analysis of the social interaction of people in organizations.

b) Important Research areas: Problems of group work, questions of leadership and leadership styles as well as problems of cohesion and conformity in working groups including the handling of internal conflicts (group psychology).

4. Aim: While in the past, the increase in productivity and performance were the main criteria in classical industrial psychology, today, under the influence of overall social change processes and humanistic psychology, the promotion of job satisfaction and the maintenance of health are also considered independent criteria.

5. Position as a discipline: The Work psychology particularly when analyzing human-machine systems, it touches on questions of engineering. Research on stress overlaps with questions of medical physiology.

In the Organizational psychology there are close connections to sociology (e.g. bureaucracy research). The basic psychological disciplines of work and organizational psychology as an application-oriented science lie specifically in psychological diagnostics, social psychology and perceptual and learning psychology.

6. Methodology: Industrial and organizational psychology sees itself as an empirical science. It is characterized by a pluralism of methods: laboratory research, field research and action research based on systematic observation and questioning. Statistical-quantitative analyzes are increasingly being supplemented by qualitative methods.