Which is better the boy scouts or cadets
The Siege of Mafeking
The siege of Mafeking in South Africa from 1899 to 1900 was one of the most famous military actions of the Boer War. For 217 days, a Boer force of over 8,000 men surrounded a much smaller British garrison under the command of Colonel Robert Baden-Powell. Mafeking was defended by only 1,500 men, including local volunteers, but to the enemy, Baden-Powell's brilliant military tactics made the force appear much stronger.
Baden-Powell's snipers were sent out during the night to wait near the enemy camp until sunset the following evening. With their targets well lit and the enemy blinded by the setting sun, the snipers were able to shoot their best shots from relative safety.
Baden-Powells engaged in a series of bluffs that led the Boers to believe that Mafeking was much better protected than it actually was. He sent the residents to the outskirts of the city where they put on a big show by burying hundreds of metal boxes. The Boers were convinced that Mafeking was surrounded by a minefield.
The city's only spotlight was moved regularly to give the impression that there were many. The illusion that the city was surrounded by searchlights discouraged the Boers from attacking at night.
When the supply of barbed wire ran out, Baden-Powell's men tied imaginary wires around new trenches and then pretended to crawl under the nonexistent obstacles. From a distance, the Boer scouts observed that the trenches were protected by barbed wire.
The men could not be spared delivering or keeping watch over military messages and civil mail, so Baden-Powell formed a cadet corps of boys as young as nine to perform these and other important duties.
Despite all opposition, the British held out and the siege was lifted when the Boers withdrew in May 1900. After the siege, Baden-Powell became a national hero and later founded the Boy Scout Movement based on the brave boys of the Mafeking Cadet Corps who had literally served as Boy Scouts.
Various stamps for local use were issued during the siege, including two with Baden-Powell and one with Warren Goodyear, a 12-year-old cadet who delivers mail on his bicycle. Goodyear is considered the first boy scout.
|Boer War emergency paper money in Mafeking|
was spent during the siege.
|Both are signed by Captain Greener, who is at the|
Was involved in designing "The Boy Scout Stamp".
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