How was Osama bin Laden's childhood
When US special forces killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan
US soldiers shot and killed the al-Qaida founder on May 2, 2011 in Pakistan in a controversial operation. The mastermind behind the 9/11 attacks was America's number one enemy for over ten years. The radicalization of the Saudi-born terrorist godfather began in the 1970s.
It was May 2, 2011 when news went around the world that few would have expected. Osama bin Laden was killed by US forces in Pakistan. It is now the tenth anniversary of the death of the al-Qaida founder. Until his shooting in Abbottabad, Pakistan, he was the world's most wanted terrorist with a bounty of $ 50 million. He founded the terrorist organization al-Qaida (in German roughly "the base", "the foundation") and was responsible for numerous serious attacks, including the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the USA.
Bin Laden was born in Riyadh between March 1957 and February 1958 as the offspring of a very wealthy Saudi Arabian building contractor dynasty. Bin Laden's father, Muhammad, came from Yemen and with his "Saudi Binladin Group" rose to become a multimillionaire and an influential figure in the Wahhabi kingdom, he even received an honorary ministerial office. After his death, his sons built the company into a multi-billion dollar multinational conglomerate.
Bin Laden's mother, Alia Ghanem (later Hamida Al-Attas), came from a Sunni family in Latakia, Syria and became the tenth of at least 22 wives of her husband, who divorced many of them because, under Islamic law, a man can only have a maximum of four wives at the same time was allowed to have. When bin Laden was four or five years old, his father also separated from his mother and arranged for her to marry a clerk. Bin Laden remained the only child of his mother and the 17th of his father, who is said to have fathered up to 57 offspring.
Religious contacts and first base in Pakistan
Although bin Laden did not have a strong interest in religion and politics in his early youth, he came into contact early on with numerous clergymen and leaders of religious movements who went in and out of his father's house. First he went to the prestigious University of Jeddah to study civil engineering. From 1973 he turned to Islamist groups and is likely to have become increasingly radical from then on. After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, bin Laden went to neighboring Pakistan, where he met several leaders of the Afghan resistance movement. At that time he offered his help to the later President Burhanuddin Rabbani.
Bin Laden set up his first base in the Pakistani border town of Peshawar. There he quickly acquired the reputation of a courageous fighter and attached himself to the most radical of the fundamentalist leaders. Among them was the Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was to become bin Laden's right-hand man. Gradually bin Laden built up his network: soon he was financing a brigade with several thousand men, most of whom came from Arab countries. In his bitter struggle against the Soviet Army, the extremist was supported by the US secret service CIA. Experts date the establishment of his terrorist organization Al Qaeda to 1988.
Saudi Arabian citizenship revoked
After the withdrawal of the Soviet troops, bin Laden first returned to Saudi Arabia. But when his homeland was willingly made available to the US Army as a base during the Gulf War in 1991, the fundamentalist violently attacked the royal family. Riyadh declared him a "persona non grata" and three years later his Saudi Arabian nationality was revoked. Bin Laden stayed in Sudan until 1996, where he trained his al-Qaida people in paramilitary camps. But then the government in Khartoum expelled him under pressure from Washington. Bin Laden went back to Afghanistan, where he preached against the "arrogant superpower" USA with ever more ardent hatred. After the radical Islamic Taliban came to power, he became their "guest of honor". Under the benevolent patronage of the Taliban, bin Laden set up dozens of al-Qaeda camps for thousands of followers.
The first major attack on which bin Laden is charged was the bomb attacks on the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, in which a total of 224 people were killed in August 1998. In 1999 the US Federal Police put him on the list of the ten most wanted criminals in the world. Bin Laden was also held responsible for the bomb attack on the US warship USS Cole off the coast of Yemen, in which 17 US soldiers were killed in October 2000. Finally, on September 11, 2001, nearly 3,000 people died in the terrorist attacks in the United States.
Six days later, US President George W. Bush declared him to be primarily responsible for the attacks and demanded that bin Laden be arrested "dead or alive". On September 18, the UN Security Council called on the Taliban regime in Afghanistan to extradite bin Laden, which Taliban leader Mullah Omar rejected. Whereupon the US began its invasion of Afghanistan on October 7th, which would eventually develop into the longest war in the United States of America. Only under the current US President Joe Biden should all US troops withdraw from the Central Asian country by September 11, 2021.
Controversial shooting order
The 2011 shooting order to kill Bin Laden, believed to have been carried out by a Navy Seal named Robert O'Neill, remains controversial to this day. The US forces went to a foreign country and killed a man - without any legal basis. Politicians welcomed the move at the time, human rights activists were less comfortable. The US Army finally buried Bin Laden's body on the high seas to avoid creating a place of pilgrimage for his followers.
By killing bin Laden, the Americans succeeded in significantly weakening al-Qaida in terms of motivation and structure. However, the chaos in Iraq, which the USA helped to trigger, the imbalance in the Middle East and also the opaque situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan have helped the terror. The "Islamic State" (IS) was able to emerge in Iraq - more brutal, more determined, more misanthropic than bin Laden's al-Qaeda.
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