What causes a nuclear disaster
Iodine pills for everyone under 18
What do we have to do with Fukushima?
The GAU in Japan caused the then black and yellow federal government to turn around in its energy policy and to phase out nuclear power: After Fukushima, the seven oldest German nuclear power plants and the one prone to breakdowns1 Meiler Krümmel shut down, the remaining nine reactors should follow by 2022. The SSK experts have checked the consequences of the Fulcushima GAU and have expanded protection concepts for residents of German nuclear power plants.
Supposedly, German nuclear power plants are particularly safe, aren't they?
The SPD Federal Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks also called serious accidents "extremely unlikely". But "there is no such thing!" does not exist in civil protection.
What should be changed in detail?
Emergency preparedness2 must be independent of the probability of occurrence3 be, says Hendricks. That is one of the lessons from Fukushima. Regardless of statistical forecasts such as "happens only once in 1000 years", the consequences and damage of a large nuclear power plant accident have now been taken more seriously.
What does this mean for the residents of the kilns who are still working?
The aim of all preventive measures (taking iodine tablets, staying indoors, evacuation) is to prevent or at least limit damage to health caused by radiation. In the event of a serious nuclear accident with the release of radioactive radiation, residents of a core zone five kilometers around the nuclear power plant should in future be able to be evacuated in six hours. So far, this only applies to a two-kilometer radius. People in the following central zone up to 20 kilometers (previously 10) should be able to be away within 24 hours. Here, too, the SSK advises meticulous preparation.
What have you learned from the Fukushima disaster?
In Japan, depending on the weather and wind direction, “150,000 people had to be evacuated or relocated up to 30 kilometers, and there was some confusion because they had to work with outdated and incomplete plans” - or without any plans at all. That led to avoidable deaths, warns the SSK.
In addition to the core and central zones, there are recommendations for a 100-kilometer outer zone. What do they say?
This zone would also be doubled in radius from today's 50 kilometers and thus include cities with a population of over a million such as Hamburg and Munich. Here - depending on radioactivity measurements - the nationwide distribution of iodine tablets to all up to 45-year-olds is to be prepared. Iodine tablets saturate the thyroid glands and prevent the body from absorbing radioactive iodine, which is released in the event of a meltdown. All over the Federal Republic of Germany iodine pills should be available for everyone under the age of 18 and for pregnant women.
What other conclusions do radiation protection officers draw?
That great openness is important: All around Fukushima, “decisions were often incomprehensible to those affected, and insufficient information was provided about risks. The population had to live with considerable uncertainty (...) for a long time ", which also wore down4.
What about Poland's plans for a nuclear power plant near Gdansk that Greenpeace warns of?
Gdansk is a good 300 kilometers from the border with Germany. The SSK paper should also apply to foreign nuclear power plants close to the border.
What will happen next with the SSK recommendations?
According to the Hanover Ministry of the Environment, an inter-ministerial working group has started to implement the catalog in Lower Saxony.
And what consequences does Hessen draw?
In Biblis, Hesse's only nuclear power plant, according to the Environment Ministry in Wiesbaden, the old 10-kilometer evacuation area will initially remain. The Biblis blocks are shut down forever. There are additional recommendations for such reactors and interim storage facilities. For some districts, because of their proximity to nuclear power plants in other federal states, measures in the new outer zone are being planned, according to the ministers. With larger radii around the Grohnde nuclear power plant near Hameln, this also affects the region.
SSK on new protection zones: http://zu.hna.de/akwschutz
The article "Iodine pills for everyone under 18" by Wolfgang Riek was published on March 12, 2014 in the Hessisch-Niedersächsischen Allgmeinen.
|1||prone to breakdowns||ce qui tombe souvent en panne|
|2||Emergency preparedness (f.)||prevention en cas de besoin|
|3||Probability of occurrence (f.)||ce qui arrivera selon toute probabilite|
|5||Implementation||la mise en oeuvre|
- Assess the text form "fictitious interview" with questions and answers from the same journalist.
- Describe the measures that Germany took immediately after the Fukushima disaster and then three years later, in 2014.
- Find out for which German regions bordering France these measures apply.
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