What are positions in basketball

Xanten Romans Basketball e.V.

All over the world there are five players per team on the field at the same time. Normally a distinction is made between players in build-up, wing and center players - in American: "guard", "forward" and "center". In Europe, teams usually consist of twelve players.

A player can only be exchanged for another when the music box is stopped. The player who wants to be substituted reports to the referee, which is positioned at the level of the center line. As soon as the game is interrupted for whatever reason and the music box is stopped, the referee receives a signal from the referee that a change of player is desired. The referee waves the substitute player onto the field and the player to be substituted leaves the field of play.



Usually this is the smallest player on a team. Experts also talk about the "1s" or the "build-up player" here. He should be an excellent passer and dribbler, not necessarily a shooter. Its traditional task is to bring the ball into the apron and start the attack systems. He usually stays in front of the three-way line and otherwise moves directly to the basket.


Should be bigger than the point guard, but doesn't have to be a great dribbler. He's usually the team's best three-point shooter. A good shooting guard, also known as "second", takes advantage of the blocks that his taller teammates put in front of him, in order to then set his dangerous long-range shots or pull to the basket. He's also going to rebound.


The all-rounder in attack: aggressive and strong; big enough to cause unrest within the zone, but still grooved to be flexible to dribble well and to take safe shots from outside. The "three" shoots inside and outside the zone.


Actually the strongest player on the field. The "foursome" must be able to catch hard passes and, above all, rebounds. Despite its mass, it moves quickly and scores particularly close to the basket. Its dangerousness also outside the zone lures its also great opponent out of the zone and creates space for the point guard, who can move to the basket.


The "fiver" is always the longest player on the field. He has to post in the attack (or in English: posting-up) - this means that he has his back to the basket and offers himself at the zone boundary, in order to then either pull to the basket with a quick turn, throw a hook or with to complete a jump shot from close range. Prototype: Abdul-Jabbar from the Los Angeles Lakers.