Why is my toe red

introduction

A swollen toe is very much for the person concerned unpleasant and can various causes to have. Decisive for the diagnosis is, for example, how acute the swelling occurred and what accompanying symptoms occur. The Treatment depends essential depends on the cause. The swelling can last for days to weeks, depending on the cause.

Causes of a swollen toe

There are several causes of a single toe swelling.

  • Especially when the Big toe Affected can be a relatively common cause Attack of gout be. Gout is a common disease among the affluent population. If the uric acid level is too high, deposits of Uric acid crystals in different Joints. This leads to inflammation. The pain is very acute, the affected joint is crimson and swollen as painful to pressure. The most typical place for the deposition of uric acid crystals is the big toe. One then speaks of a podagra. But the knee and ankle joints, the finger joints and the elbow joint can also be affected in rare cases.

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My name is Dr. Nicolas Gumpert. I am Specialist in Orthopaedics and founder of Dr-Gumpert.de
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Of diseases of the Foot athletes (joggers, soccer players, etc.) are particularly often affected. In some cases, the cause of the foot discomfort cannot be identified at first.
Therefore, the treatment of the foot (e.g. Achilles tendonitis, heel spurs, etc.) requires a lot of experience.
I treat the most diverse Diseases of the foot in focus.
The aim of every treatment is treatment without an operation with a complete restoration of performance.

Which therapy achieves the best results in the long term can only be determined after looking at all of the information (Examination, X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc.) be assessed.

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  • Another possible cause of an isolated swollen toe is oneinjury(Trauma) if, for example, a heavy object has fallen on the toe. It is then abruiseand possibly a Cone fracture are present. The trauma leads toswelling, the toe is painful and partially restricted in movement.
    You might also be interested in: Broken toe

  • Also with thePsoriatic arthritis swelling of a single toe can occur. However, swelling of a single finger is more typical. Psoriatic arthritis is a joint disease that occurs as part of psoriasis. Those affected can therefore have skin symptoms, but also joint problems. The skin and joint symptoms do not necessarily have to occur at the same time.

  • Other possible causes of swollen toes can be lymphedema due to lymph congestion or rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatism), in both cases, however, mostly all toes are affected (symmetrical involvement).

Swollen toe test

Do you suffer from a swollen toe? Take part in our self-test and answer the following 10 short questions. We create your individual result!

You can go directly to the test here:Swollen toe test

Swollen toe from athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is a common disease. The fungus attacks the skin and toenails. With a simple athlete's foot occurs usually no swelling on. The symptoms are reddening of the affected areas with whitish-yellowish flaking, weeping areas and often marked itching.

Swollen toe from rheumatism

With the popularly called rheumatism The disease referred to is rheumatoid arthritis. This is a chronic joint disease. It is accompanied by swelling of various joints, which often occurs in spurts. Typically, the affected joints are also very painful and mobility is often restricted. Reddening of the affected joints can also occur.

The finger joints (metacarpal and middle joints) and are particularly often affected Toe joints.In rheumatoid arthritis, one typically occurs symmetrical swelling. So it's both hands or both feet affected. In rare cases, there is swelling of individual finger or toe joints.

You can read more about this here:rheumatism

Psoriatic arthritis is a skin disease (psoriasis) that is also associated with joint involvement. In this condition, for example, a single finger or toe can be significantly swollen. The swelling is caused by inflammation of the affected joint. In people who are known to have psoriasis and who also notice occasional joint swelling, psoriatic arthitis may be the cause.

Accompanying symptoms of a swollen toe

The accompanying symptoms depend on the cause. At a Attack of gout the big toe is very swollen painful and strong reddened. In the case of a swelling through a trauma it can arise too Restrictions on movement come, there is usually pain. Psoriatic arthritis also causes painful swelling.

Redness and swelling

For example, redness associated with the swelling occurs in one Attack of gout on. The big toe is strong here reddened, clear warmed up and very painful. The redness and swelling are caused by the inflammation that's going on in the joint. Even with one Psoriatic arthritis reddening of the affected toe may occur.

Swollen toe test

Do you suffer from a swollen toe? Take part in our self-test and answer the following 10 short questions. We create your individual result!

You can go directly to the test here:Swollen toe test

Painless swelling

A swelling of the toe without pain comes mainly in the context of one Lymphedema in front. In the case of lymphedema, the lymph fluid builds up because it can no longer drain off sufficiently. If lymphedema is present, however, almost always all toes are affected, not just one.

Painful swelling

The swelling of a toe goes with it in most cases Pain hand in hand. In the case of a gout attack, these occur relatively suddenly and are very strong. Even with trauma as the cause of the swelling, pain usually occurs.

Itching and swelling

itching occurs on the toe in particular with diseases such as the Athlete's foot on. Weeping, scaly reddening occurs, and the skin and nails can be affected. At a Fungal infection however, it usually occurs no swelling of the affected toe.

treatment

The type of treatment depends on the cause. In the acute situation, various medications come into consideration in the event of a gout attack. These include Painkiller, which also have an anti-inflammatory effect in appropriate doses, such as Ibuprofen.

In addition, the drug is often usedColchicine used. It prevents the inflammatory reaction from progressing. Colchicine must be dosed carefully and should not be taken over a long period of time, as it can otherwise be toxic. The drug comes in tablet or drop form. Colchicine should not be used by pregnant women.

Is atrauma The cause of the swelling so come primarily as therapeutic agentsCooling and protection of the toe in question. Here, too, pain relievers such as ibuprofen can help.

ThePsoriatic arthritis is believed to be an autoimmune disease. It is therefore usually treated with agents that downregulate the immune system. These include, for example, methotrexate or leflunomide.

Home remedies to treat swollen toes

Home remedies for a swollen toe are especially important Rules of conduct:

  • If there is pain, the toe should be spared every now and then elevated become.
  • Often helps Cool with a cool pack. A lukewarm to cool foot bath can also have a soothing effect.
  • The Footwear should not too tight It is better to avoid high heels for women at first.

How long does toe swelling last?

The duration of the swelling depends on the cause. In the gout the swelling lasts some days on, but the pain quickly subsides after the start of drug therapy.
Swelling caused by inflammation under a Rheumatism disease appeared, take days to weeks at.
Is a trauma The swelling usually remains the cause of the swelling Days to weeks consist. It is not uncommon for a swelling that has arisen as a result of trauma to form, but not entirely. There is then a difference in circumference between the affected toe and the other toe if no further treatment is given. Therefore, if the swelling persists or if the cause is still unclear, one should See a doctor.

Swollen toe test

Do you suffer from a swollen toe? Take part in our self-test and answer the following 10 short questions. We create your individual result!

You can go directly to the test here:Swollen toe test

Quality assurance by: Dr. Nicolas Gumpert | Last change: 06.09.2020