Were Hispanic slaves

The slavery

The history of slavery

The ancient peoples already kept slaves, in the Orient there was slavery and slave trade even before the 15th century. Until now, Europeans have never really been dependent on slaves.

Portugal was the first country to run out of agricultural labor. Through its occupations on the West African coast, Portugal had access to the Arab slave markets. From 1444 Portugal began a lively slave trade. Soon after, the Spanish began the slave trade, but the Portuguese ruled the entire African slave market for over a century - to Europe and from continent to continent. The Arab traders sold slaves from Central Africa on the west coast of Africa, in Arabia, in India and in Iran.

Until then, the Europeans had no access to Central Africa. In Latin America, the Spaniards enslaved the natives, so they were not dependent on the slaves of the Portuguese.

Problems brought about the susceptibility of the American indigenous population with regard to imported people Diseases. Within a few years, diseases such as flu, smallpox or typhoid reduced the aboriginal population to a minimum of their original number. So the Spaniards were dependent on the Portuguese, more resilient "African slaves".

Since the middle of the 16th century, the English also participated in the slave trade, against the predominance of the Portuguese in the global slave market. The English were particularly interested in the "sales market" of the Spaniards. France, Holland and Denmark followed as competitors. In 1713 the general right was granted that all countries could supply the Spanish colonies.

Due to the rapid development of the Sugar industry In Brazil there was a sharp increase in the slave trade between Africa and Brazil in the last years of the 16th century. As one at the end of the 17th century gold discovered in Brazil, the demand for slaves soared even further. About 1,800,000 slaves were brought to Brazil between 1700 and 1810.

With the increasing number of slaves, it became necessary to define the status of "human property" legally. Testimony to this incredible cruelty is for example the "Code noir", the Black Code, which was introduced by Louis XIV in 1685. The" Code noir "(" Black Code ") proclaimed by Louis XIV in 1685 and modified for the Mascarene in 1723 - a law that concerned slavery and legal security for owners but also imposed certain duties on them - from 1725 onwards, favored the importation of thousands of slaves, mostly from Madagascar, East Africa or India.

http://www.uni-siegen.de/~ifan/ungewu/heft7/elsner7.htm (November 8, 2002)
Dale W. Tomich, Slavery in the Circuit of Sugar. Martinique and the world economy 1830-1848, Baltimore 1990.