What is the importance of clinical psychology

clinical psychology

Clinical psychology is one Sub-discipline of psychology, where clinical psychologists examine, test, and treat people with mental disorders. Clinical psychology is that sub-discipline of psychology that scientifically deals with the biological, social, developmental and behavioral as well as cognitive and emotional foundations of mental disorders, the effects of these disorders and other diseases on the experience and behavior of people. Clinical psychologists therefore also support people in coping with serious physical illnesses such as cancer, after a stroke, with addictions, and stressful private and professional situations. The prerequisite for this is a degree in psychology and additional training as a clinical psychologist. Clinical psychologists work in health facilities, in social facilities, but also in private practice.

The clinical-psychological diagnostics includes the examination of people who suffer from physical illnesses in which psychological factors play a role or from mental disorders. The clinical-psychological treatment In addition to acute treatment, it also includes preventive and restorative measures. The aim is to prevent illnesses, to alleviate or eliminate mental suffering or mental disorders and to support sick people in better coping with their illness. Clinical psychologists focus their treatment specifically on the respective problem or disorder and base their approach on careful research and scientific theories. The clinical-psychological advice includes the provision of information and decision-making aids and, if necessary, support in identifying and narrowing down the most important problems and concerns as well as suitable possible solutions.

In Austria The training to become a clinical psychologist is regulated by law: If you want to work as a clinical psychologist in Austria, you need a degree in psychology, a master's or magisterial degree, and a postgraduate training, whereby according to the new regulation in 2014 in addition to 2000 Practical hours 120 Supervision hours and 160 Theory lessons must be completed at recognized institutions and specialists. Clinical psychologists now also need 75 hours Self-awareness show, whereby in the self-experience a reflection of one's own effect on others should take place.
At the Ministry of Health a list of recognized psychologists is available. In Germany, a degree in psychology is sufficient to practice as a clinical psychologist.


From the new folder of the Austrian Professional Association for Psychology (2020)

Clinical psychologists have

From the new folder of the Austrian Professional Association for Psychology (2020)

Clinical psychologists have

  • studied psychology at a university for at least five years,
  • after completing a two-year postgraduate theoretical and practical training, accompanied by supervision and self-awareness,
  • mostly further specializations, additional training and certifications.

Clinical psychologists work

  • within the health sector,
  • with scientifically proven methods,
  • responsible and quality assured,
  • controlled and experience-based,
  • closely with members of other professional groups for the benefit of their clients and patients.

You can find clinical psychologists

  • in hospitals and clinics,
  • in outpatient and semi-inpatient health care facilities, and especially in private practice in private individual and group practices.

Clinical psychologists are experts in

  • the clarification and classification of initially unclear psychological problems and complaints,
  • the diagnosis and assessment of psychological problems, abnormalities and disorders,
  • advice, support and coaching for life problems, life crises and burnout,
  • the treatment and therapy of mental disorders and states of suffering, including secondary disorders of trauma and heavy stress on the basis of diagnostic examinations,
  • support in coping with and treating severe mental disorders such as psychoses, addictions, eating disorders, personality disorders, etc.,
  • the accompaniment and support for coping with partnership and family crises, problems and conflicts,
  • coping with psychological aspects of physical illnesses, such as chronic pain, rheumatic illnesses, skin illnesses, diabetes mellitus, cancer, AIDS etc.,
    the reorientation after serious illnesses, life stresses, life crises and traumatisation,
  • clinical neuropsychology for craniocerebral trauma, brain injury and changes in the brain.

When do I contact a clinical psychologist?

  • You feel listless and desperate, but you don’t really know what’s going on with you. You want to gain clarity about your condition and escape this cycle.
  • Based on certain symptoms (anxiety, panic, sleep disorders, etc.), you suspect that you may suffer from a mental illness and would like this to be clarified.
  • You have experienced a severe stress or have gone through an event that shocked you severely and that you will not let go of. You want to free yourself from what you have experienced and lead a normal life again.
  • You have been diagnosed with a mental illness and would like advice and treatment.
  • You suffer from a chronic illness (e.g. diabetes, chronic pain, cardiovascular disease, rheumatism) and would like to lead a self-determined, fulfilling life regardless.
  • You have suffered a brain injury and would like to receive treatment for the consequences.
  • You or a close relative have been diagnosed with cancer. Now you want to learn to live with this diagnosis.

[email protected] - Phone: 01 504 80 00


link: http://bmg.gv.at/home/Schwerpunkte/Berufe/Berufe_A_Z/Klinische_Psychologin_Klinischer_Psychologe (14-11-11)


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