Sneezing can lead to hearing loss


What is mumps?

Mumps is a contagious viral infection. The mumps virus is transmitted through droplets of saliva. They can get into the air by coughing, sneezing, or sharing cups or cutlery.

The most common symptoms are swelling of the face below the ears, fever, sore throat, and fatigue. The condition usually gets better without causing serious complications. Treatment is limited to pain relievers, cold compresses on the swollen face, plenty of rest and plenty of fluids. A very effective preventive measure is vaccination against mumps. Most people recover within a week.


Mumps is a viral infection that is transmitted through droplets of saliva. These get into circulation through coughing, sneezing, sharing equipment or touching objects and surfaces that have been touched by infected people. Mumps is more common in children than adults.

Symptoms of mumps

Symptoms appear three weeks after being infected with the virus. The most common symptom is a Swelling of the cheeks and jaw. The swelling can appear on one or both sides of the face.

Other complaints are:

  • Fever,
  • A headache,
  • Sore throat,
  • Malaise and
  • Fatigue.

Although Complications are rare If mumps occur, it can lead to meningitis, painful swelling of the testicles, abdominal pain, or hearing loss.

If you are unsure whether these symptoms apply to you, start a symptom analysis.


Diagnosis is made based on symptoms and a physical exam. Saliva testing for the virus may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.


There is no specific treatment for mumps; it is primarily about relieving symptoms. People with mumps should rest and drink plenty of fluids. Cold washcloths or cooling packs on the face can reduce the swelling.

For pain and fever, the intake of Acetaminophen or ibuprofen help. Since chewing can also be painful, consuming soft foods or soups can help.


Mumps usually gets better within a week without causing serious complications. In rare cases, mumps can lead to infertility in both men and women later in life.


The vaccination against mumps (the measles, mumps and rubella vaccination) is part of the vaccination recommendations for children. Following the recommended vaccination schedule is important and can prevent many cases of mumps. People with mumps should stay at home for at least five days after the onset of symptoms so as not to infect other people.