What is the role of jesus
Jesus of Nazareth
The birth of Jesus
According to legend, Jesus was born on the night of December 24th to 25th in the year 0. After all, we celebrate his birthday at Christmas and differentiate between the time calculation before and after the birth of Christ.
But even if science doesn't know much about the birth of Jesus and his childhood, one thing is certain: Jesus is not on the night of December 25th. born in the year 0, which does not exist at all.
December 25th, the day of the winter solstice, was a special day in many early cultures. The Germanic peoples celebrated midwinter, also called Yule Festival. The Romans celebrated Saturnalia in honor of their god Saturn, the invincible sun god.
As early as 217 AD, the young Christian church under Pope Hippolytus tried to influence the pagan customs of the Romans by setting the date of the birth of Christ on December 25th. The Saturnalia were to be converted into a Christian festival - initially without success.
When the Roman emperor Aurelian introduced the pagan sun festival "Natale Solis Invicti" (birth of the invincible sun) as a national holiday in 275, the Christians tried again and dated the birthday of Jesus ("Natale Christi") on the same day.
The Christians referred to Jesus in various places in the Bible as "the invincible sun", the "true light of the world" (John 8: 9) and the "sun of righteousness" (Malachi 3:20) - a clever move around the Blurring the boundaries of pagan and Christian religions.
Ultimately, however, the Christian church was not able to establish itself until the 4th century. In the 7th and 8th centuries, the custom of celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ on December 25th also came to our regions.
The historical Jesus
Jesus was probably born around the year 4 or 6 BC in Nazareth and grew up together with his siblings (only his brothers James, Joses, Judas and Simon are mentioned by name, his sisters are not named) and his parents, Joseph and Maria, in a small village. His entire family was Jewish.
It is fairly certain that Jesus, like his father, was a builder and worked in this profession for a number of years. His mother tongue was Aramaic, he probably also learned Greek and later Hebrew.
Despite his probably short schooling, he could read and write. Over the years he developed impressive linguistic skills, because this was the only way he could formulate his vivid parables and meaningful sayings.
Jesus becomes a preacher
The decisive turning point in the life of Jesus is the encounter with John the Baptist. Jesus is so convinced of his message that he joins his movement, which calls for repentance and assumes that the Messiah will soon appear, and is baptized. He leaves his old life behind, leaves his family and friends and from now on devotes himself only to religion.
He soon began to preach himself and gathered a growing group of followers around him. Finally he separates from Johannes and becomes an independent preacher.
His charisma and expressiveness quickly made him something of a local celebrity. His new, somewhat freer and often revolutionary interpretation of the Jewish scriptures was well received by many people of his time.
In his sermons he addresses all classes of the population and not only the outcasts, the sick and the poor, as is often portrayed. He puts himself on the same level as all people, eats and drinks with them and speaks about the "kingdom of God".
Jesus always preached in public places and was therefore known far beyond the borders of Galilee. It is believed that due to his revolutionary interpretation of the Jewish scriptures, he was viewed as a danger by the traditional Jewish faith community. The troublemaker had to be moved out of the way.
He was probably arrested not by the Romans themselves, but by the Jewish ruling class, who eventually handed him over to the Romans. The end of the story is known: Pontius Pilate condemns Jesus to be crucified.
There are four different versions of the life and ministry of Jesus in the Bible. The four evangelists Mark, Matthew, Luke and John wrote their texts about Jesus many years after the crucifixion of Jesus, between about the years 70 and 100.
They were less concerned with his family, friendships, love relationships, his childhood or youth and more with his time as a preacher, his religious message and the miracles he is said to have performed. Very little is reported about his actual life. Although the four Gospels in the New Testament only partially agree and are sometimes very sketchy, they form the foundation of the Christian faith to this day.
Status: December 17, 2019, 13:58
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