Has curcumin terpenes

Curcuma longa, Indian turmeric

Sanskrit: Haridra
Hindi: Haldi

Turmeric has been a proven remedy for thousands of years in Ayurvedic medicine and folk medicine in Southeast Asia. Today almost the entire world harvest is grown in India and 80% is consumed. The plant used to be considered sacred and is still used today in religious ceremonies. It is one of the most important spices in Indian cuisine to make food digestible. You surely have turmeric on your spice rack as it is an essential part of spice mixes like curry. It is also used to obtain the food coloring curcumin.

Modern science has taken on this ancient medicinal plant and discovered medicinally effective ingredients in the roots. It is therefore one of the internationally recognized medicinal plants today.

Cucuma longa belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). This is why the plant is similar in its botanical properties to ginger. It becomes about 1 meter high. A bundle of leaves and an approx. 20 cm long inflorescence with yellowish-white flowers arise from the main tuber. The plant is believed to be native to East India. It is now cultivated in many tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia, with India being the main producer.

Plant parts used:
The tubers and long branches of the rhizome (rhizome) harvested after the above-ground parts have wilted are used. Before drying, the rhizome is dipped in boiling water. The dye that escapes from the cells is distributed over the entire tissue and gives it its typical yellow color.

Ingredients relevant to the effect:
The essential oil contains the terpenes phellandren, cineole and borneol. Other ingredients are turmerol, caproic acid and curcuminoids. The latter are yellow dyes.

Ayurvedic classification:
Ayurvedic medication is not considered a medicine in Germany, but a dietary supplement. Although these are "only" plants or spices, their effects should be taken seriously. Please do not just use any Ayurvedic preparations after self-assessment, but seek advice from a doctor trained in Ayurvedic medicine. Ayurvedic preparations have to suit you. In addition, side effects and interactions with other drugs can occur. Therefore I strongly advise against self-medication!

In Ayurveda, medicinal preparations are not only used according to the clinical picture, but they must also suit the constitution of the person. Therefore, the following characteristics must be observed:

Rasa (Taste): bitter, spicy
Guna (Features): light, dry
Vipaka (Post-digestion effect): spicy (cleansing, stimulates the metabolism)
Virya (thermal potency): heating
Dosha: decreases all 3 dosha. Vata and Kapha are balanced by the heating effect and Pitta by the bitter taste.

In medicine, two types of curcuma are called turmeric: Curcuma longa, the Indian turmeric and Curcuma xanthorrhiza, the Javanese turmeric. For both species there is a monograph from Commission E, the licensing authority that tests medicinal plants. Both types of turmeric have been scientifically proven to work antispasmodic,promote production and Distribution ofBile juice. Both types are therefore approved by Commission E for the treatment of dyspetic complaints, which manifest themselves as bloating, nausea, loss of appetite, constipation, abdominal cramps, pressure and pain in the upper abdomen. Especially in old age, when digestive power and appetite decline, this well-tried medicinal plant should be considered. Compared to Curcuma xantherrhiza, Curcuma longa has a somewhat stronger cholagogue due to its ingredients.

Bile juice contains enzymes that are responsible for digesting fat. For this reason, turmeric has proven particularly useful for digestive problems that are associated with a fat digestive disorder.

Turmeric is also suitable for long-term use. In Indonesia, turmeric tea is usually drunk instead of coffee or tea. In India, turmeric is one of the everyday spices. This is seen as the reason why there are significantly fewer biliary and liver diseases in these countries than in Europe.

Ayurvedic medicine has known all of these effects from experience for thousands of years. In addition, she makes use of the knowledge she has gathered about the wide range of effects of this ancient medicinal plant as follows:

Because of the anti-inflammatory and antipyretic Curcuma preparations are used for inflammation of the intestinal tract, uterus, ears and eyes. The ejector Ayurveda makes use of the effects of turmeric against sinus infections, asthma, coughs, bronchitis and flu. Curcuma longa is traditionally used for it antiallergic, hemostatic,wound cleansing and healing Effect on eczema, hives, shingles, itching, as well as bruises and cuts.

Recent research According to the colorings (curcuminoids) of turmeric work anti-inflammatory (anti-phlogistic), against viruses (antiviral), Bacteria (antibacterial), and antioxidant i.e. they intercept free radicals (aggressive oxygen compounds), as you know from vitamins C and E. The latter prevents cell aging. In particular, the liver tissue should be protected (hepatoprotective and antihepatotoxic Effect). Presumably, it is not the curcuminoids themselves, but the cinnamic acid components released from them during metabolism in the digestive tract that are actually the most effective substances. In experimental studies, a anti-tumorEffect proven.

The mean daily dose is 1.5-3 g of the drug

Side effects:
Side effects and interactions with other preparations are not known according to Schilcher (see list of sources).

Turmeric may not be used in therapeutic doses for occlusion and acute inflammation of the biliary tract. In the case of gallstone disease, especially small stones, the use of turmeric preparations should only be used after consulting a doctor who is experienced in Ayurvedic or phytotherapy. As a spice, turmeric can be used without any problems, as it balances all three dosha.

Ayurvedic preparations:

  • Tea infusion:Cover 1-2 teaspoons of the cut root in 1 cup of boiling water and let it steep for 5 minutes, then strain. And drink before meals
  • At Hives: apply a paste of turmeric powder and yoghurt, several times a day.
  • At Shingles: apply a thick layer of mustard oil and sprinkle turmeric powder over it, 1x daily.
  • At to cough and others Respiratory diseases: Take 1 gram of turmeric powder mixed with ghee (clarified butter) 2-3 times a day.
  • At wet eczema: Apply ghee and turmeric paste locally twice a day
  • At Sore throat: Simmer ½ teaspoon turmeric powder in 150 ml milk for 10 minutes, then drain and drink lukewarm.
  • at acne: Mix 4 teaspoons of milk or water with ½ teaspoon of turmeric powder and apply to the face; Let it work for about 20 minutes. The paste is also suitable for the treatment of other local skin inflammations.

Indian wedding ritual:
In India, the bride gets a full body massage with a paste made from chickpea flour and turmeric before the wedding. This works like a peeling, makes the skin soft and bright and bright, so that the bride meets her loved one with a radiant glow on this special day.


  • Dr. K.M. Nadkarnis, Indian Materia Medica
  • Zoller A., ​​Nordwig H., Ayurvedic medicinal plants
  • Rhyner H.H., Frohn B., Medicinal Plants in Ayurveda
  • Schilcher et. Al., Guide to Phytotherapy
  • Apothecary M. Pahlow, The great book of medicinal plants


September 2011, Dr. med. Hilde Kartes-Rohwer, doctor at the Ayurveda clinic