Where do irregular verbs come from

Regular and irregular verbs

What are regular and irregular verbs?

Very simple: You can find regular and irregular verbs in connection with the

  • simple past and that
  • past participle.

You probably know that the simple past is part of English -ed at the end is formed:

They hiked along the shore.

The past participle is also on -ed formed in the end. You need it, for example, for the formation of the present perfect:

Mr Miller has cleaned the kitchen.

The verbs that contain the simple past and the past participle -ed form is called regular verbs.

Irregular verbs

However, there are a number of verbs that do not have the simple past and the past participle -ed form, but have other forms. These verbs are called irregular verbs.

Here are a few examples:

simple present simple past
I. go to school.Yesterday I. went to school.
You sing very well.Last year I sang in the school choir.
I. bring you the book.You brought me that book yesterday.
simple present present perfect
I. fly to Manchester.I have flown to Manchester.
You sing very well.You’ve sung very well.
She eats a sandwich.She has eaten a sandwich.

The irregular shapes of the simple past can be found at the end of your English book. You should learn them by heart because these verbs are common.

Irregular verbs

Here are some important verbs with their irregular forms:

infinitive (basic form) simple past past participle
be what / were been
come came come
do did done
feel felt felt
find found found
go went gone
have had had
tell told told
say said said
lake saw seen

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