How does network-independent WLAN work

Set up Internet access: Here's how

The federal government's broadband initiative promises a remedy: by 2018 there should be at least 50 Mbit / s fast lines across the board. This means that a three-minute song can be downloaded in around two seconds. But until the last spots for one on the map of Germany complete supply disappear, it will take a long time.

And even in Cities or metropolitan areas the DSL connection is not always the perfect choice: Although a relatively high surfing speed is usually achieved, some users are still dissatisfied. This is often due to old copper lines that cannot transmit high-speed speeds. It's good that it is in addition to conventional DSL with technologies such as Internet via TV cable, radio (LTE) or satellitethere are good alternatives.

Internet access: which doses are for what?
Not only are the cables used to get the Internet to your home different - so are the sockets (left): If you purchase Internet via cable, the upper socket is reserved for data traffic, the left for the TV and the right for the Radio signal. If you use VDSL or ADSL and make calls over the Internet, plug the router into the middle socket of the telephone socket. In the case of a fiber optic connection, plug the router into one of the network sockets.

You can find the right one here connection

In this country, fast Internet is often equated with a DSL connection via the good old copper cable of the blessed Federal Post Office. But that doesn't provide the necessary bandwidth everywhere. Fortunately, there are also other options.

1. ADSL: The fixed line classic

  • How does ADSL work? This is where the internet comes into the house over the phone line. A so-called splitter is installed inside to route telephony and data traffic over different frequency bands. However, availability and bandwidth depend on the distance between the user and the nearest local exchange. And whether it has been equipped with a sufficient number of ADSL remote stations.
  • How fast is ADSL? Up to 16 Mbit / s download speed, often significantly lower. The upload speed is slow at 512 Kbit / s.
  • Where can I get ADSL? In principle, ADSL works nationwide on almost every telephone connection, but with different bandwidths.
  • What do you need for that? A telephone connection line made of copper.
  • Advantages: Available almost nationwide, price war among providers
  • Disadvantage: 16 Mbit / s not available everywhere
  • Providers: All landline providers such as Telekom, Vodafone and O2, but also connection providers such as 1 & 1
  • Price: Between 25 and 30 euros per month

2. VDSL: The fixed line turbo

  • How does VDSL work? As with ADSL, the Internet comes into the house via the telephone line, but it is significantly faster at 50 or 100 Mbit / s. A splitter in the house should no longer be needed in the future if calls are also made over the Internet ("Voice over IP"). VDSL is only offered in a few cities and regions.
  • How fast is VDSL? VDSL delivers 50 or 100 Mbit / s download speeds. The upload speed is also broadband with mostly 10 Mbit / s.
  • Where can I get VDSL? VDSL is only available where the network operator has created the technical prerequisites for it.
  • What do you need for that? A telephone connection line made of copper.
  • Advantages: Extremely fast downloads, often hardly more expensive than ADSL.
  • Disadvantage: Not yet available everywhere.
  • Providers: All landline providers such as Telekom, Vodafone and O2, but also connection providers such as 1 & 1 and local network operators.
  • Price: Between 30 and 45 euros per month.

3. Satellite: Internet in orbit

  • What kind of access is that? The internet is delivered wirelessly to the house via satellite. This is a real, albeit not a cheap, alternative for residents of remote areas where neither DSL, TV cable or LTE cellular communications are available. The data is not only received by satellite dish, but also sent. But on the way in and out of orbit they are always a tiny bit longer on the way.
  • How fast is internet via satellite? 10 or 20 Mbit / s download speed with upload speeds between a measly 0.4 and 6 Mbit / s.
  • Where can I get access? Internet from orbit is available wherever you have a clear view of the Astra or Eutelsat satellites.
  • What is needed? You have to buy or rent a broadcast-capable satellite system and possibly pay for installation and set-up.
  • Advantages: Location-independent internet access.
  • Disadvantage: High hardware costs, hardly any real flat rates.
  • Which providers are there? Various resellers for Astra Connect or EutelSat TooWay such as SkyDSL, StarDSL or Orbitcom.
  • Costs: Between 30 and 80 euros per month.

4. LTE: wideband cellular

  • What is LTE? Not only smartphone owners use the fast LTE data transmission. It is also available for home use with fixed tariffs whose SIM cards do not work on mobile devices. It includes a monthly transfer volume of 10, 15 or 30 gigabytes, after which the LTE bandwidth is throttled. Then at home you can only access the Internet in the hard shoulder.
  • How fast is LTE? Download bandwidths of up to 16 or even 100 Mbit / s and an upload speed of up to 10 Mbit / s are promised.
  • Where can I get LTE? LTE broadband radio is only available where mobile network operators operate the corresponding radio cells.
  • What is needed? A SIM card is required for LTE reception. You also have to buy or rent an LTE WiFi router.
  • Advantages: Convenient, wireless internet
  • Disadvantage: Limit the download volume
  • Which providers are there with LTE? Vodafone and O2 offer so-called LTE home tariffs, Telekom calls it Call & Surf Comfort via radio.

5. Internet via cable: surf at high speed

  • What kind of access is that? The internet comes into the house via TV cable. In more and more regions, the local cable network operator is offering an Internet connection with sometimes breathtaking download bandwidths of 100 or even 150 Mbit / s, rarely even with 200 Mbit / s. You can watch cable TV, but you don't have to book it.
  • How fast is the access? Depending on the provider, various bandwidths up to 150 Mbit / s in the download. The upload speed varies from 1 to 10 Mbit / s.
  • Where can I get access? The cable providers have divided Germany among themselves. If at all, there is only one provider on site.
  • What is needed for this? A cable connection.
  • Advantages: Enormous bandwidths are possible, easy connection to cable socket
  • Disadvantage: Only one provider per region
  • Providers: Only the cable network operators such as Kabel Deutschland (Vodafone), Unitymedia, Kabel BW or Tele Columbus
  • Price: Between 30 and 60 euros per month.

6. Internet via fiber optics: lightning fast

  • What kind of access is that? If you have the chance to get Internet via a fiber optic cable instead of a copper or TV cable, you should access it. These light guides are mainly rolled out regionally. Where providers build new networks and replace old connections. Fiber optic cables shine with a theoretical transfer rate of over 1 GB / s.
  • How fast is the internet via fiber optics? Fiber optic internet is mainly available from regional providers who operate or set up their own networks.
  • What is needed? Basically it is only a question of where you live and whether fiber optic connections are available or planned there.
  • Advantages: Enormous bandwidths possible.
  • Disadvantage: Eventual development costs
  • Providers: Regional network providers such as Cologne's NetCologne, M-net in Munich, Stadtwerke Neum√ľnster or in Hamburg
  • Price: Between 30 and 60 euros per month.
How fast is my internet?
Bandwidth is the data transfer rate, measured in megabits per second (Mbit / s). It tells you how quickly a file is downloaded or uploaded. There are noticeable differences between transmission rates of 16 Mbit / s and 100 Mbit / s: It is significant whether a 10 megabyte file loads for five seconds or just one second. Anything over 100 Mbit / s is only fast. You can measure your bandwidth online:

Internet: Tips on all aspects of connection

  • check availability: If you have decided on a new Internet connection, then you still have to check whether the corresponding tariff from your preferred provider is available for your place of residence. You can either ask the provider or find out over the Internet. Every provider offers an availability check on their website. A good overview is offered, for example:
  • The right devices: WLAN router, LTE box: Depending on the type of connection, you can obtain the appropriate equipment from your provider. Sometimes it is not even possible to make your own settings. Alternatively, the easy-to-use devices from AVM (FritzBox) can often be used for this purpose. You can find an overview of FritzBoxes for every type of connection such as DSL or LTE
  • Find the right tariff: How do you want to get on the Internet, you know? Then "just" the right tariff is missing. There is a lot to consider when making a decision: contract duration, desired speed, combination offers or just the price. The solution: online tariff calculator. With the Tariff calculator of the independent consumer magazine
  • Combination offers: Internet & TV: Deutsche Telekom or cable providers such as Vodafone (which took over Kabel Deutschland) offer special Internet tariffs that give you an additional online or cable TV offer. At Telekom ("Entertain") there are even Bundesliga broadcasts for a surcharge.
  • Internet TV: Would you like to watch television via the Internet? You can find many stations from all over the world here:

Connect routerlet: instructions 

Depending on the type of connection, you must proceed as follows. DSL with and without landline connection: In contrast to earlier DSL connections, nowadays DSL splitters are no longer plugged between the telephone socket and the router. The phones are connected directly to the router. The provider therefore only provides you with a router with connections for computers and telephones.

You connect the router directly to the telephone socket in the wall.Internet via TV cable socket: Your provider will usually install the cable modem for such connections. You then connect your router (such as a FritzBox) to it. However, you must first deactivate the DSL modem installed there. With a FritzBox this is simply done via the router menu.

As the best-selling router in Germany, the FritzBox stands for one device category model. The connections do not differ.

F.axioms simply explained

  • Data rate: The data rate is the amount of data that can be transferred to or from the Internet in one second. The unit of measurement for this is: bits per second (bit / s).
  • Mbit / s:The data rate for the Internet is usually given in Mbit / s (megabits per second). An average fast Internet connection should achieve a download of 6 Mbit / s. From 25 Mbit / s, video streams run completely smoothly.
  • DSL / VDSL: With DSL ("Digital Subscriber Line") calls can be made over the Internet (called "Voice over IP"). At the same time, data is transferred over the telephone cable. In larger cities there are also VDSL connections. Part of the network is replaced by fiber optic cables in order to achieve a higher Internet speed from 25 Mbit / s.
  • WIRELESS INTERNET ACCESS:With WLAN ("Wireless Local Area Network") computers are wirelessly connected to the Internet. A WLAN router is required for this.
  • Router / WiFi router:PCs, smartphones or tablet PCs and printers can be connected to a network via a router. Usually there is also a DSL modem in the router. This enables a direct connection to the Internet to be established so that all connected devices are or can be online.
  • LTE: LTE ("Long Term Evolution") is a cellular standard that can establish the Internet connection for computers and other devices in areas without DSL coverage. LTE currently reaches a speed of up to 300 Mbit / s, a significantly faster rate than conventional DSL.
  • Download: Downloading (or "downloading") means loading and saving data such as music, office documents, photos or videos from the Internet onto a PC, smartphone or tablet.
  • Streaming:Streaming (the process means "streaming" or "flowing") enables the file - such as videos or songs - to be opened as soon as it is downloaded from the Internet.