What is your best chess technique

Learning chess: rules, strategies and 10 tips for beginners

Chess is probably the most famous board game of all. But how does chess actually work? What strategies and tricks are there? We'll explain everything you need to know about playing chess.

Chess is a brain teaser that promotes your concentration and strategic thinking. It's a game of patience. A game can last well over an hour. To get good at playing chess, there are a few rules you need to follow. We explain the most important moves and give you tips for a successful game of chess.

Basic rules in chess

Basic rules in chess

Chess is a strategic board game for two players that was played as early as the Middle Ages. It is still very popular today. It is one of the most popular board games in Europe. Because the two most important pieces on the field are the kings, chess is also called the “royal game”.

In chess, both players take turns moving their pieces across a 64-field playing field. One player has black pieces, the other white. Both players have the option of using their own pieces to remove opposing pieces from the playing field. White starts the game.

Goal of the game

The aim of the game is to beat the opposing king by “checkmate” him. You say “check” when you threaten the opposing king. A piece is “threatened” when it is on a space where it can be captured by another piece. The opponent is only “checkmate” when he can no longer save his king. The king cannot move to any other square without being captured. To capture a piece means to remove it from the playing field.

The playing field

The playing field

The playing field is square and consists of 64 black and white checkered fields. You align it so that both players have a white field in the lower right corner. Each field has its own name, consisting of a letter and a number. The fields are numbered from one to eight from bottom to top and from a to h from left to right. The field at the bottom left is called a1 and the field at the top right is called h8.

The figures

Each player has 16 pieces: eight pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, a queen and a king. Each type of figure has different moves. Every piece can capture opposing pieces in its direction of movement, except the pawn.

In your back row (a1-h1) there are from left to right: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, rook. The pawns are in the second row.


The king is the most important figure on the field. If you lose them, you have lost the game too. It can move in all directions, but only one space at a time. When the king is threatened have to you get him out of the danger zone or protect him with another figure.

Incidentally, the two kings are not allowed to meet on the playing field. It got to always at least one space between the kings remains free, even if this is the only possible move for your king.


The queen is the strongest piece on the field. She can move as far as possible in all directions.


Chess pieces

The bishop stands next to a queen or a king and can move diagonally in all four directions until he comes across the next piece. The runner has to stop here. You can of course defeat opposing pieces, with your own pieces you have to stop one space beforehand. Since both runners start on different colors, one can only move on white and the other only on black. The emptier the field, the more freedom the runner has.


The jumpers stand on the field next to the runner. The knight is the only piece that can skip other pieces. He can always move into the last field of an L-shape. The L-shape consists of four fields. How around the L stands does not matter. You either move two spaces forward and one space to the left or one space to the right and two spaces forward.


The two towers are in the corners of your side of the field. You can cross as many squares as possible - forwards, backwards, left and right. That makes them strong characters. Because of their range, the same applies to the towers as to the runners: the emptier the playing field, the stronger they become. Just two rooks can checkmate the opposing king.


The pawn is the weakest piece on the field. Each player has eight pawns. As a rule, the pawn can only move forward one space at a time. However, there are exceptions that make the pawn a very interesting pawn:

  • On his first move the pawn can make a double move. So he goes two fields ahead.
  • In addition, the pawn can only hit his opponent forward diagonally.
  • If an opposing pawn makes a double move and thereby comes to a stop right next to one of your pawns, you can capture him. Your pawn will then bet on the space that the opponent skipped with his double move. Such a train is called “en passant” (in passing). You can only perform this maneuver directly after the opposing double move.
  • Another peculiarity of the pawn is that you can convert it into other pieces. To do this, you have to move the pawn to the opposing back row. Then you can convert your pawn into a pawn of your choice. So you can get about two queens on the field. However, a pawn cannot be converted to another king.


Castling is a move you can use to get your king to safety. Once per game you can make a double move with the king and rook, in which you move the king two spaces in the direction of the tower and jump with the rook over the king onto the neighboring space. It does not matter with which rook you cast. But there are a few requirements:

  1. The way between the king and the rook must be free. There can be no figure between them.
  2. The king must not be threatened. This applies to all squares used by the king in castling.
  3. The king and the corresponding rook must not have moved during the game.

The stalemate

In chess it is possible to play a draw. There are several ways to end a game in a draw. For one thing, the game ends in a draw if both players agree on a draw. A game also ends in a draw if no piece has been captured after 50 moves.

The “stalemate” is the most interesting tie. A stalemate arises when you can no longer make a move, but your king is not in check either. Every square the king can reach is threatened by the opponent. Such a stalemate can “save” the game for the loser.


Have you ever made a move but regretted it? You should always go through the moves in your head beforehand. Because in chess: “touched-guided”. So when you pick up a piece, you have to make the move with it too. You can't just put the piece down or even undo the move.

Playing chess: 10 tips for beginners

Play chess for beginners

Chess is a diverse game. It takes years of practice to become a professional chess player. To make your way to becoming an expert easier, we have put together ten tips for you.

take your time

Chess is a game of patience. Train your strategic thinking by planning several moves in your head. Most beginners make careless mistakes and lose their most important figures early on. With each move, consider how your opponent might react. Try to lure him into traps to checkmate his king.

Develop your characters

If your characters stay in the front row all the time, they can barely access the field. Think of the characters as your team, where everyone has a job. If you do not deploy a team member, he or she cannot do his or her job. Move your flexible figures like the bishop and the jumper out of their cover. Position them where they can get access to the field. This is called “developing characters”. In order to develop your figures as efficiently as possible, you shouldn't always move the same figures at the beginning.

Rule the center

The center is the best way to get good access to the playing field. This is where figures such as jumper, horse and tower can develop their true potential. If they are on the edge, there is always at least one direction in which the figures cannot move.

To get to the center early, you can move one or both middle pawns directly with a double move on D4 or E4. This clears the way for your runners, who you can then also move towards the center. With the jumpers you can simply skip the pawns.

Don't make too many pawn moves

At the beginning it can be very tempting to move the farmers comfortably forward. Too much pawn movement at the beginning of the game is a mistake. Farmers do not have particularly large access to the playing field. It is much more worthwhile to develop a runner or jumper early on. In addition, pawns can easily be beaten by the opponent if they are unprotected too far in front. This can be fatal for you later in the game. Because in the last third of the game you can put additional pressure on your opponent by trying to convert a pawn.

Move your lady wisely

Move your lady wisely

The lady is your strongest figure. Losing them can set you back far. The longer the game, the more valuable it becomes. Moving the queen out at the beginning of the game can put pressure on your opponent, but at some point you will likely have to retreat. The queen can easily be threatened by opposing runners, jumpers or women. If you have to withdraw your queen, your opponent has one move ahead.

Castling early

Your king is not in a good position in the middle of the row. There he can easily be threatened by a runner across the field. Therefore try castling as early as possible. This gives your rook better access to the playing field and your king gets better protection.

Try different strategies

There are many ways to complete a game. To get really good at chess, there are several strategies you should try out. You can try to checkmate the opposing king right from the start. At the beginning he doesn't have that much room to maneuver. But you can also take care of the opponent's smaller pieces first in order to gain more control over the playing field.

Play chess online

Play chess online

Chess is a board game for two players. But that doesn't mean you can't play alone. There are many ways on the internet to test your skills against the computer. So you can try out certain strategies and test different player openings. Chess is also a great way to pass the time. If you don't want to play against the computer, you can play against other players online. Using apps, you can also play chess on the go on smartphones and tablets.

Try your hand at "blitz chess"

Normal chess games can last well over an hour. Many people play chess for a while. A variant of this is blitz chess, in which your thinking time is significantly reduced. If you don't make a move in the given time, you lose the game.

Take part in tournaments

The ultimate test is participation in a tournament. The highest class of chess does not take place against the computer, but against human opponents. That is why participating in chess tournaments is the best way to test your skills.

Chess is a great pastime that anyone can learn. Whether at clubs, with friends or on the Internet: The board game is popular everywhere and can even be played on the smartphone while on the move.

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