How do ESTJs and INTPs interact
The first function of the INTP is introverted thinking and the second function is extraverted intuition.
INTPs are driven to understand the world. To do this, they accumulate knowledge, build up a complicated framework of thoughts within themselves and constantly try to make predictions about the occurrence of events. You might think that the INTP was given a white-page book when he was born so that he could create an encyclopedia about the world. In the course of his life he added new entries to this book in random order about his knowledge of the world. 1 All new knowledge is written into it. The entries are temporary and are constantly updated when new information requires a correction of previous knowledge.
Influenced by their extraverted intuition, INTPs try to set up theories that contain all relevant variables, regardless of the question of their actual applicability in their current environment. Their dominant introverted thinking function predestines them to take on the pioneering role in society and to raise questions about problems and developments that will often come to light much later. Probably the most radical theories of our science originate from the minds of INTPs.
The INTP is more interested in penetrating the facts than in implementing its ideas. Often he is satisfied with the thought he has once thought and refrains from letting others participate in his insights. This becomes problematic at the latest in professional life if he unintentionally withholds important knowledge from his colleagues or if the employer wants to see tangible results.
The INTP's high appreciation for logic and reason has its downside in a defensive attitude towards emotional influences. The INTP is very skeptical of these. He tries to keep his decisions from subjective, emotional considerations.
In fact, with its sober way of looking at problems, the INTP makes a fairly objective impression and for precisely this reason it is often consulted by its fellow men in the event of difficulties that require a cool head. INTPs are hardly ever subject to any emotional constraints in their decisions, at least as far as they are not directly affected. However, the “objectivity” of the INTP can only be described as objective insofar as its decision-making basis is free of emotional evaluations. In contrast, the thinking of the INTP compared to the thinking of the ENTJ or ESTJ - both extraverted thinkers - is thinking on a subjective basis. Because the impressions on which the INTP builds its logic are its own accumulated impressions. It is precisely this subjectivity that enables the INTP to form an opinion freely and unaffected by socially recognized knowledge and prevailing paradigms and to question old beliefs with new theories. 2
As children, INTPs often stand out because they constantly pester people close to them with “why” questions and push their parents to the edge of their general knowledge at a very early age. Occasionally, parents feel as if their offspring is about to reinvent the wheel when they proudly present one of the solutions they have found themselves in an area where conventional solutions already exist.
With their thirst for knowledge and their focus on unsolved theoretical questions, INTPs often decide to embark on a scientific career. Despite this curiosity, many INTPs report difficulties as children in meeting school requirements. The problems that emerge here are less due to a lack of intelligence, but rather a consequence of their innate learning style, which contradicts the conventional learning methods of the school system, which are more suited to SJ types.
INTPs enjoy the process of knowledge acquisition in and of itself. When you have identified and understood a law, you immediately direct your attention to new questions that are still open. They often feel downright uncomfortable having to talk again about a topic that has been understood, let alone reel off this knowledge in the form of exams and homework.
Another problem for INTP school children is the subjectivity and intensity of their knowledge acquisition. INTPs are extremely focused on learning. If a topic captivates them, they spend hours understanding all of its facets and becoming experts in the field. Upcoming school topics are unfortunately not necessarily your first choice or come into conflict with the currently open questions of the INTP. In fact, they have no desire to deal with the topic currently occupying their brain memory and other topics that have no connection with their current thinking model. INTPs find it difficult to just memorize things. Knowledge that is not understood falls through the rust. For INTPs, knowledge has to be internalized, it is then deeply anchored and is available to the INTP on demand in everyday life.
INTPs pay little attention to their emotions and are often unable to assess their emotional state until they lose control of their emotions. This discomfort in dealing with feelings can be a problem for your love life and for interpersonal relationships in general, from which emotions cannot be thought without changing the quality of the relationship. Many INTPs find themselves unable to show the gestures expected by their fellow human beings. Often they seem shy and awkward here.
The use of its dominant function means that the INTP retreats into its head for a large part of the time and in fact many INTPs are in little contact with their fellow human beings, especially in the development phase of their dominant function - in their childhood and adolescence. At the same time, they miss the opportunity to train their social skills. The resulting communication difficulties can easily isolate the INTP from its fellow human beings and reinforce the feeling of being different and not being understood. This is a shame as INTPs gain insights that are worth listening to. Presumably to alleviate the fear that comes with isolation, quite a few INTPs develop condescending attitudes towards people who cannot follow their theories or are unwilling to question the world so deeply.
INTPs with underdeveloped social skills tend to either express their point of view inappropriately or withdraw from their environment. In the former, they often come across as eccentric or know-it-all and tend to vigorously debate their dissenting views in public. In the latter case, they avoid the company of others or minimize the time they spend with others in order to avoid interpersonal conflicts as much as possible.
The more the INTP restricts itself in its interaction with its fellow human beings or disregards their point of view as irrelevant, the more detached and unworldly its findings and theories appear.
INTPs would do well to acknowledge that their ability to make impersonal decisions does not mean excluding themselves. Their extraverted intuition enables them to see themselves as part of the bigger picture and to understand that with their mere presence they influence the reactions of those around them. Your behavior has effects that cannot be predicted with 100 percent certainty. INTPs are part of the human community and as such are dependent on it and subject to its rules. Feelings are an important part of life, and their unpredictability requires trust in others. The uncertainty about the outcome of interpersonal interactions can at best be minimized by recognizing and observing generally binding conventions, but it can never be completely ruled out.
When INTPs learn to see themselves as part of the community, they are also more willing to recognize the importance of good communication and enable others to understand the value of their ideas and theories. By no longer avoiding unpredictable experiences, they can actually explain the world to us with their encyclopedia of the world.
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